How to Steam Clean Carpet

The only way you should be steam cleaning carpet.

Are you curious about how to get your carpets cleaner without calling in the professionals? Do you have adorable kids and pets that unfortunately seem to drag in all the dirt?

Steam cleaning might be your solution. It takes vacuuming up a notch by providing a hygienic deep clean that has the potential to weed out dust, fleas and more. You could find your carpets cleaner than ever before.

Will steam cleaning work for you and your family? What’s the best way to do it? Our go-to guide for steam cleaning carpets may help you get there.

How Does a Steam Cleaner Work?

Most steam cleaners look similar to a vacuum in that they come with a canister or attached to a stick, accompanied by a hose and nozzle. They’re not made for suctioning up any loose bits of debris, though.

Instead, the motor uses pressure to force high-temperature water vapors into your carpet. The machine then sucks it back out, along with everything else that’s stuck in there. This makes it suitable for hitting deeply-ingrained stains, along with lingering allergens that vacuuming doesn’t have the power to handle.

Because of the capabilities this machine can offer, the method is often used to clean places that require a highly-sterilized environment such as hospitals (1).

Word Of Caution

Always check with your carpet manufacturer before going on a cleaning rampage with a steam cleaner. Not all carpets are made for steam cleaning, and the company should be able to determine whether yours is.
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Benefits of Steam Cleaning

You may be surprised at the number of benefits associated with steam cleaning your carpets. This includes, but isn’t limited to, the following:

  • No soapy residue: Some of the best carpet steam cleaners use water only, while others include the option for adding detergent. Either way, because of the way the machine functions, no sticky or soapy residue is left in your carpets.
  • High heat kills germs: Think about all the gunk you track in from the outside world. Furthermore, mold, mildew, and dust, among others, can easily gather in your carpets without you even knowing. Steam cleaning can wipe out a lot of this — much of which you’d have a hard time getting rid of otherwise (2).
  • Eco-friendly cleaning method: Since many steam cleaners only rely on water to get the job done, you don’t have to worry about harsh chemicals. For those with kids and pets, this is a major bonus. By cleaning your carpets, your air may see an increase in quality as well — two birds with one stone here.
  • Easy to use: Aside from filling up the tank and a few other small tasks, steam cleaning isn’t complicated. It maneuvers like a vacuum cleaner, which many are familiar with already. On top of that, some are even small and lightweight.
  • Budget-friendly deep clean: Cleaning supplies and professional jobs add up where your wallet is concerned. Steam cleaning, though, provides you with a high-quality service at a low cost and that’s something to appreciate. This affords you the option to do it as often as you’d like, so long as your carpets can handle it.
  • Reach difficult places: Imagine all that’s building up in the small nooks and crannies in your home. The steam can propel itself into these crevices. Many devices also come with attachments to help with this scenario.
  • Handle difficult stains: For things like wax, food stains, dog urine and more, steam cleaning is a viable alternative to outsourcing it to professionals. You may be able to knock some of these out with the help of water vapor.
  • Allergy-friendly: Having allergies can really take a toll, especially with the changing of seasons. Because steam cleaning is able to kill a bunch of these pests, allergy sufferers may find relief (3).

How to Steam Clean Carpet

It’s actually quite a simple task, let’s break it down.

Schedule Ahead Of Time

This important tip is necessary to ensure you’ll be able to clean without distractions and have enough time for the area to dry. Put the pets away and make sure your little ones know that playtime isn’t allowed in the area.


Like many things in life, your cleaning job will only be as good as you are prepared. It might be tempting to avoid these steps, but believe us, you’ll be wishing you didn’t. After all, it’s only a few more minutes of your time:

  • Clear and clean the space: This helps you determine a clear cleaning path and what spots need more attention. Without loads of furniture and clutter around, you’ll have an easier time with the job.
  • Protect your furniture: Of course, not all furniture is easily movable, especially when you’re working on your own. To protect it from the steam, place plastic or wax paper under the legs. This will absorb any excess moisture and keep wooden legs from damage.
  • Dust thoroughly: Steam cleaning is for the deeply-rooted stuff, not the dust along baseboards and walls. So manage this beforehand to avoid knocking any down during the process onto your freshly-cleaned carpets. That’d be a waste!
  • Vacuum the area: It’s an important step in the preparation process to ensure any debris, hair and coins, among other things, are out of sight. Not only will your space be better prepped, but it’ll prevent you having to stop in the process and pick up any unnoticed items from before.
  • Use your attachments: Most vacuums come with attachments, so take advantage of them. Get into the corners and crannies to ensure you’ve cleared up as much as possible.
  • Treat the rough patches: Are there certain stains you’re looking to conquer? Jumpstart the process and prepare them too. Use your go-to stain remover or carpet cleaner on the area. Gently dab it and leave as is.

Don’t Skimp On Vacuuming

Not only does it make things cleaner, but vacuuming ruffles up the carpet fibers too. This means the fibers will loosen up and be better able to take in the steam when it’s cleaning time.

Time to Clean

Now that your space is prepped, it’s time to move on to the steam cleaner itself:

  • Fill up the water reservoir: Consult the manual to determine whether regular tap water or distilled water is best here. While the former won’t necessarily damage anything, some companies may recommend the latter. Go ahead and use hot water to jumpstart the heating process a machine will handle later.
  • Add your soap (if necessary): If you’re using a cleaning product, now would be the time to add that in. Check the label for instructions and follow your machine’s set-up. Some may have a separate tank for this, while others will have you add it directly to the water tank.
  • Try an alternative solution: Do you want the benefit of a solution without the harsh chemicals? Some recommend adding vinegar at a 50/50 ratio with the water. This budget-friendly household item has multiple uses for cleaning and is well-known for being effective (4).
  • Turn on your machine and let it heat up: Some steam cleaners will heat automatically and others may take up to 10 minutes before use. Follow the instructions in your manual and get ready for the task at hand.
  • Plan your route accordingly: Depending on where you’re going to clean, you need to have an escape plan that doesn’t involve walking over your cleaned floors. If you have a large space and multiple rooms to hit, this will take more forethought, but it’s worth it.
  • Start in the corners of each room: Much like you would when sweeping or mopping, you want to start in the corner of the room, furthest from the door. This enables you to avoid what we just covered in step five.
  • Clean as directed: Some steam cleaners may have specific directions regarding modes of use and ways to handle the machine. Check for different flooring options and other appropriate settings. Generally speaking, you’re going to take a standard back-and-forth approach.
  • Avoid short strokes: Long strokes, versus short static ones, are preferred here. You’ll be able to see where you’re going and where you need to cover next. Overlap your lines to ensure you’re hitting everything.
  • Take advantage of attachments: Just like vacuums, steam cleaners often come with multiple attachments as well. Use them! They’ll help you tackle hard-to-reach stains or places that may not have been cleaned since God knows when.
  • Move slowly: The last thing you want is a rushed job with little-to-no impact. Steam cleaners are effective, but you need to handle them with care. Move slowly and methodically so there’s time for it to disperse, work and suck everything back out again.
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Drying Time

The biggest part of the job is over and now it’s time for the carpets to dry:

  • Time to ventilate: To help this process along, go ahead and open any windows or turn on a ceiling fan. This will give a chance for air to circulate, helping the carpets dry quicker.
  • Wait for six to 24 hours: It’s not a small time frame, we know, but this all depends on your carpet. We recommend doing this task in the evening, so you at least have the nighttime to wait it out.
  • Notify the household: If you live in a busy house or are steam cleaning someone else’s, it’s critical that no one walks on the floors. Can’t reach them by telephone or in-person? Put a noticeable sign up. You’re better safe than sorry here.

Do a Check-Up

Remember all those pesky stains and dirty areas you wanted to banish with the steam cleaner? Once the floors are completely dry, we recommend having a good look over.

Take stock of how well the stains lifted and if the carpet looks better in general. If you notice some places that need more care, hit them again with some spot cleaning instead of waiting for your next steam clean session.

Proceed With Care

This isn’t a fun topic, but it’s important to mention nonetheless. Steam may seem harmless when, in fact, it can be dangerous, leading to scalding burns on your skin (5). Or even worse, it could harm your furry loved ones and children.

To avoid an unfortunate, and quite painful event:

  • Consider protective wear: It might sound excessive, but eyewear, long pants and a shirt, along with socks, could shield you from unexpected steam burns.
  • Make sure pets and kids are away: We’ve already said it but we’ll state it again.

Steam Clean Away

Steam cleaning your carpets is much easier than it looks. With a little forethought and know-how, you’ll be mastering this skill and your carpets too. Not only will your flooring look better, but it may help it last longer as well.

Remember to stay organized and on task, making nice clean lines as you go. Give your carpets ample time to dry and help them out with a little airflow action.

Don’t forget about safety — both for yourself while cleaning and also for your pets and children. The last thing you want is for someone to get hurt.

We appreciate you checking in with us and hope you found our carpet steam cleaning guide useful. Take advantage of this beneficial machine and enjoy a cleaner home.

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About the Author

Amy Anthony

Amy is a stay-at-home-mom, seasoned writer, and a home cleaning and organization aficionado. Amy enjoys having an absolutely spotless home and has worked hard to develop strategies to keep it that way, despite having 2 kids and 3 dogs!